The ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus originated the theory that things are constantly changing -- and the saying, "The only constant is change," is attributed to him. Variation of Environmental Adaptation. This is an example of convergent evolution: the adaptive evolution of similar structures in unrelated species to the same environment. Mother Nature is a very stubborn character. Such adaptation may be beneficial in an era of increasingly erratic weather events. The Three Types of Environmental Adaptations. Discuss how adaptations allowed plants to move from an aquatic environment to the variety of habitats they inhabit today. It's no accident that protoplasm, a substance found in every living cell, strongly resembles seawater. Plants modified to cope with a lack of water are called xerophytes. Fish can also have disruptive markings to hide body parts. The ability to adapt to underwater environments. For amphibians, limbs and lungs were two of the most important adaptations as the former helped them move around without having to depend on the buoyancy of water, and latter replaced the gills to facilitate respiration. Species such as the jackknife fish (Equetus lanceolatus), high-hat (Equetus acuminatus) and some angel fishes (Pomacanthidae), have dark lines that run through the eyes.These lines may serve to hide the eyes so that other animals can not tell where the fish is looking or even if it is a fish. These papers discuss how aquatic environments may change due to global warming, how species might respond, and what management options are available. Plants which live in extreme environments have adaptations to control their transpiration rate. They do not need adaptations to conserve water as desert plants. Microorganisms are the key components of aquatic environment. Some differences in locomotion between fish highlight more specific adaptations to individual ecologic niches. Aquatic environments include inland surface water, seas, and ground water. Water plants have no problem of water shortage. ... native species are adapted to extreme fluctuations (16). Victor Pintilie. Every living thing has adapted to fit with where it lives. Aquatic organisms use adaptations, or special traits that help them survive in an environment, to stay at homeostasis, which is a fancy word for being at balance. This chapter describes the general characteristics, organization, composition, and functioning of the microbial habitats—planktonic, sediment or … Amphibian Adaptations. That’s what it takes for life to survive. An adaptation is a behavioral, structural, or physiological trait that increases a species’ chance of survival in a specific environment. This is the situation in the natural world organisms inhabit. Aquatic organisms live in water and have adaptations to … 10 Animal Adaptations To Hostile Environments. Most modifications are adaptations to very dry (arid) environments. Forked or indented tails are seen in fish that rely on swimming rapidly for long periods of time. She always tries to conquer whatever harsh environment the relentless forces of our planet have managed to create, and it is in such extreme conditions where the ingenuity of the natural world can be admired most.