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Also, you can lime your soils in case of calcium deficiency. To control this disease, you must maintain adequate soil moisture at the fruit development stages. You should also increase the soil pH by adding lime or manure if the soil on your farm is acidic. It involves the removal of extra flowers, side shoots, fruits, and diseased leaves weekly. The shortfall has to be delivered from neighboring countries. You can also use available chemicals such as Metam sodium to tame the spread. The tomato was rumoured as an essential item in witchcraft and as an aphrodisiac. they grow very fast. About 5,000 tomato plants are required to meet this number. Prostar F1 is a hybrid indeterminate variety that does well in warm climates. Choosing the right crop to intercrop with your tomatoes is crucial as it will affect the health of your tomatoes. In one of his projects, a tomato venture on a one-acre lot fetched Sh1.2 million during the long rains and Sh950,000 during the short rains. These are just a few exan*s of the many superior varieties released in the market by KARI. Read about Broiler Goat Rearing. Given that almost all Kenyan homes use tomatoes as part of the ingredients of their daily meals, you are sure never to miss a market for your produce. Ensure you dig the planting holes to a depth of 15cm. To break even, you must successfully produce 15 tons of tomatoes. By growing tomatoes in open fields Nigeria, like other Sub-Saharan African countries will deliver yields of no more than seven tons per hectare. To control this disease, you should practice crop rotation with plants that are not part of the nightshade family. The eggs hatch into larvae, which then causes damage to the fruit. You can also use garlic sprays to aid control late blight. It can be transmitted easily by runoff water from infested soil. It is therefore important to maintain a weed-free environment to increase profits with tomato farming in Kenya. Slash or uproot the weeds to control weeds on open land crops between rows of tomatoes. When affected stems are cut, they display a red to brown discolouration of the xylem. Tomatoes do well in a variety of soil types ranging from sand, loam to clay-loam soils that have a high content of organic matter. Tomatoes are an annual vegetable that takes around 75 days from transplanting to first harvest. About 5,000 tomato plants are required to meet this number. Damage from thrips is characterized by; To control thrips, you can employ the use of insecticides such as Lambda-Cyhalothrin. It matures in 75-85days after transplanting. One Time Investment Setup Cost = Rs. It is essential to keep on checking for pests and diseases to curb the spread of pests and diseases before it affects the whole batch in the nursery. Production expenses that aren't item-ized also are included in this category as miscellaneous expenses. However, an acre of land can produce up to 4 bags each 90kg where a kilo of the grain goes at Sh100 in the local market. Some outstanding attributes for this variety include; Anna F1 has a yield of about 74tonnes per acre. 310 per kilogram averagely. It also helps in repelling tomato worms. Download FREE Business Plan, Kenbro Chicken Breed Information and management, Watermelon Farming in Kenya Guide for 2021. Jump to Content Sections. This is a determinate variety suitable for growing in the drier or humid regions. It can be stored well and transported without much damage. With consistent market demand, both for the fresh tomatoes and processed tomato products, farming in Kenya tomatoes can be a profitable venture. You can as well spray your crop with calcium chloride to boost calcium levels in your farm. Native to Mexico, and introduced to Europe in the 16th century, the tomato traditionally had a mixed reputation. Pruning leads to the early maturity of fruits and encourages fruits to increase in size and uniformity. As tomatoes are quite a difficult and capricious plant culture, it needs some time to grow into a real tree tomato farming in Kenya. From Seedlings to Profits, How To Start Poultry and Chicken Farming : Value Addition. Intercropping is essential in ensuring you maximize your returns from your farm. Copyright 2019 - value.co.ke . By growing tomatoes in open fields Nigeria, like other Sub-Saharan African countries will deliver yields of no more than seven tons per hectare. Easy peasy! Your seedlings will take about one month before they are ready for transplanting. • The average cost of production for smallscale farmers per acre is Sh1, 600 according to Tegemeo Institute. Some of its attributes include; This variety is tolerant to Leaf Curl Virus and Bacterial Wilt. Indeterminate will flower, set new fruit and ripen fruit all at the same time throughout the season. Tomato farming in Kenya is such a profitable business idea. Challenges facing Onion Farming in Kenya. 4,000. Tomato pests include nematodes and birds. Production areas addressed in the study include current costs for production, material inputs, plus cash and non-cash overhead. Variety: Prostar F1 Plant Spacing: 60 x 45 (cm) Maturity: 80–85 (days) Yield/Acre: 180,000 (kgs) Ideal Climate: Warm Attributes. Most tomato varieties in Kenya such as the Anna F1 reach maturity 60-75 days after transplanting. Be careful not to flood your tomato fields as they deprive the roots of air, leading to the death of the tomato plants. This variety reaches heights of up to 2metres. grow to a standard height of about 1metre. Some of the bulk buyers of tomatoes are companies that make tomato products such as juices, purees, tomato paste, and sauces. Anna F1 falls in the category of indeterminate. This will help in getting better responses. The shortfall has to be delivered from neighboring countries. Intercropping is essential in ensuring you maximize your returns from your farm. Per acre cost of production is high, and yields can be severely limited by pest problems or environment. Tomatoes are an excellent source of lycopene antioxidant, which aids the human body to rid itself of toxins that are harmful to us. Analyses show profits over a range of prices and yields, plus monthly cash costs, costs and returns per acre, business and investment overhead costs, hourly equipment costs, and whole farm annual equipment costs. You should clean your harvested tomatoes using a clean damp cloth to remove any excess chemical residue and dirt that might be on the fruit. Based on the estimated yield above outlined of 50 metric tons per hectare, one gets the following table that lists Production (according to plantation size in hectares) and related Gross Revenue (Calculated with a minimum of 20% margin on production costs if the fresh tomato is sold to a concentrate processing plant. As much as it won't fix broken hearts, vitamin A, vitamin B, and potassium in tomatoes aids in reducing cholesterol levels in the bloodstream, which clogs up arteries. Reducing your watering sessions will help harden the seedlings. “Next time I grow dry beans; my harvest will EXCEED 900 kilos per acre.” Continue reading below to know: The mistakes I made, so that you don’t make them too, The amount of seed I used per acre, (which I think reduced expected yields) The costs I incurred for the acre, The herbicides I used to reduce weeding time by 80%, And much more! However, there might be changes in cost seed material depending upon the various factors. Also, thrips cause distortion of young shoots. This is a type of moth that is yellow to brown that lays its eggs near or on the flowers or small fruits. Attacks by bacteria and fungi from the holes left by the larvae, which lead to rotting of the fruit. Ecological Requirements (Climate, rainfall/water/temperature/soils). You should then thoroughly till the soil to make it easier for the small seeds to break through as they germinate. Some of the common varieties of tomatoes grown in Kenya include; This is a determinate variety that does very well in warm climates. The vitamins in tomatoes also help maintain healthy blood pressure, promote good eye health, and aid in collagen production for healthy hair, skin, and nails. It is characterized by; Water with a dark appearance oozes when a cross-section of the stem of a wilted plant is cut open. Admired only for its beauty, the tomato was thought to be poisonous and was not consumed as food. A greyish slime will ooze when you squeeze the stem of a wilted plant. Tomatoes are attacked by a variety of pests the most common being; These appear as oval, reddish greenish with eight legs that infest tomato leaves. Land rent; 120,000 2. Leaves start to mottle with raised dark green areas. When you plant a double cobbing or a variety which bears 2 cobs or more per plant you get at least 16,000 big cobs and about 11,000 small cobs.When you sell at wholesale price to traders,your returns are as below:-16,000 big cobs @ 5/=80,000 11,000. All Rights Reserved, We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Also, Leaves closer to the soil should be removed to discourage entry of early or late blight. Some of the other attributes of this variety include; It matures in about 75–85 days after transplanting. The tomato in modern times has become one of the most famous ingredients in food. Fertilizer plays a vital role in the development of excellent and healthy tomato plants. Slicing and sun drying is a simple method you can use to lengthen the shelf life of your tomatoes. We believe not only in producing but also adding value to the product. With the greenhouses, our growers produce tomatoes all year round, anywhere in Nigeria. Pre-soaking will ensure seedlings do not suffer from water stress. Red spider mites quickly develop resistance to pesticides when used continuously. Anna f1's fruit is deep red, firm, and has an oval shape. This is really helpful information to Farmers. Irrigation methods such as overhead irrigation encourage the spread of diseases such as early blight.

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